Indian Railways 10 - 160 K.M. Per Hr

Indian Railway trains are one of the easiest and cheapest modes of transport. From the construction of the first railroad in India that began in 1850, the first train that was run in 1853, since then the growth of the Indian Railway network has come a long way. But at every stage of its evolution, Indian Railways has faced a new set of problem. Carrying over a million passengers every day and moving about 1,000 million tons of freight per year, the services of Indian Railways has continued to grow for over a century and a half.


Indian Railways in India was first introduced in 1853 between Mumbai to Thane. In 1951 the system was nationalized and then it became one of the largest networks in the world. The Great Indian Peninsula Railway built the first Indian Railway system. In 1875, British companies invested heavily on Indian Railways and by 1880 the train route had expanded to about 14,500 m and had connected the three major port cities of Bombay, Madras, and Calcutta.  But it was only in 1895 that India started building its own locomotives. In 1967, Ajanta Express was the fastest meter gauge train in India which ran with an average speed of 42.5km/hr. In 1969, New Delhi Rajdhani Express begin running with a max speed of 129 km/hr. At that time, around 3500 km route was electrified. In the same year, Golconda Express was the fastest steam-hauled train in the country with an average speed of 58 km/hr.

The launch of the semi-high speed Gatimaan Express has made it the fastest train in the country with an average speed of 113 km/hr. The clocked maximum speed of Gatimaan Express is 160km/hr, Shatabdi Express is 150 km/hr and Rajdhani Express is 130 km/hr. Soon 500 km/hr ultra-high speed Maglev trains will become a reality as Indian Railways is considering options to run trains on magnetic tracks in the country, similar to ones used in Japan, Germany, China and South Korea.


When the British decided to launch an Indian Railways system, the objective was to maximize political and commercial advantage together with the convenience of holidaying. But today the Indian government focuses on offering more comfort, greater speed, and modernization of the Indian Railway system. The Indian Railways has now become a complex system constituting of the zonal railways, inter-city trains, long-distance expresses, passenger trains and Metro rails.

The Indian Railways virtually connects every corner of the country, puts in place an effective and efficient network to move passengers and goods across the country. The government will continue to provide better passenger service making rail journey enjoyable, at the same time ensuring satisfaction to each of the 7 billion passengers that ride the Indian Railways annually. Indian Railways' focus is to give passengers more comfort and increased train speeds. After the success of high-speed Gatiman and Talgo, Railways is in a process to launch the Humsafar Express in the near future! 

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